The Colours of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniels

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are renowned for their charming personalities and captivating appearances with their large, dark eyes. As with any beloved breed, there are fascinating variations in colour and type that contribute to their unique allure. Cavaliers are either a whole-colour or a parti-colour. In this blog post, we'll explore the rarest colour, the four standard colours as well as the colours we concentrate on here at Fredricos Cavalier King Charles Spaniels.


Black and Tan Cavaliers exude sophistication with their glossy black coats and rich tan markings, making them standout figures within the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel community. Their elegance adds a touch of refinement and exclusivity, elevating them to coveted status among enthusiasts. These special spaniels bring immeasurable joy, enriching the lives of their owners with their distinctive beauty and charm.


Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are officially recognized in four distinct colours, each possessing its own charm and appeal:

Blenheim: The Blenheim is considered a parti colour and the Blenheim colour is the most recognised colour. Blenheim Cavaliers boast a luscious well broken white and chestnut coat adorned with white even markings on the face along with the much-desired lozenge on top of their head in between their ears. This classic coloration is synonymous with the breed's aristocratic heritage and remains a perennial favourite among admirers. The Breed Standard recognises them as the following: Rich chestnut markings well broken up, on pearly white ground. Markings evenly divided on head, leaving room between ears for much valued lozenge mark or spot (a unique characteristic of the breed).

Tricolour: The Tricolour is considered a parti colour and the tri colour exhibit a striking combination of black, white, and tan markings. The interplay of these colours creates a visually stunning coat pattern that sets them apart from other varieties. The Breed Standard recognises them as the following: Black and white well spaced, broken up, with tan markings over eyes, cheeks, inside ears, inside legs, and on underside of tail.

Black and Tan: The Black and Tan is considered a whole colour and the Cavaliers with black and tan colouring feature a glossy black coat accented by rich tan markings above the eyes, on the cheeks, inside the ears, and on the chest and legs. This sophisticated colour combination exudes elegance. The Breed Standard recognises them as the following: Raven black with tan markings above the eyes, on cheeks, inside ears, on chest and legs and underside of tail. Tan should be bright. White marks undesirable.

Ruby: The Ruby is considered a whole colour and the Ruby Cavalier boasts a solid, rich red coat that exudes warmth and vibrancy. The absence of white markings accentuates their velvety, monochromatic appearance, making them stand out in a crowd. The Breed Standard recognises them as the following: Whole coloured rich red. White markings undesirable.


At Fredricos Cavaliers, we have a special focus on whole-color Cavaliers, that is, the Black & Tan and Ruby varieties. Occasionally, depending on the genetic makeup of the parents, we may have Blenheim or Tricolour puppies in our litters, or if we choose to introduce a parti colour parent for genetic diversity. However, our primary emphasis remains on wholecolour Cavaliers, ensuring our breeding program maintains a consistent standard of excellence.